These were people from Scandinavia, especially Danmark and Norway. Scandinavia at the time had a growing population and with inland areas inhospitable, the vikngs looked overseas for new territories and wealth. The Vikings had struck a small costal monastery, killed and pillaged.
Background[ edit ] During the Early Medieval period, Ireland and Britain were culturally, linguistically and religiously divided into various peoples. There may have been another pre-Indo-European language spoken by the Erainn up until the 8th century in what is today Kerrybut this is likely to have been Celtic or some other Indo-European language.
In Northern Britain, past the Forth and Clyde rivers which constitutes a large portion of modern-day Scotland, dwelled the Picts who spoke the Pictish language. Due to the scarcity of writing in Pictish, all of which can be found in Oghamviews are conflicted as to whether Pictish was Celtic like the southernly languages, or perhaps even a non-Indo-European language like Basque.
However, most inscriptions and place names hint towards the Picts being Celtic in language and culture.
Most peoples of Britain and Ireland had already predominantly converted to Christianity from their older, pre-Christian polytheistic religions.
In contrast to the rest of the isles though, much of southern Britain was considered to be part of Anglo-Saxon Englandwhere Anglo-Saxon migrants from continental Europe had settled during the 5th century CE, bringing with them their own Germanic language known as Old Englisha polytheistic religion Anglo-Saxon paganism and their own distinct cultural practices.
The Isle of Man had supported its own agrarian population, but it is widely believed that it was Brythonic-speaking before Old Irish later to become Manx spread there.
Gaelicisation could have taken place before the Viking age or perhaps during it, when the area was settled by Norse-Gaels who practised their own culture.
In northern Britain, in the area roughly corresponding to modern-day Scotland, lived three distinct ethnic groups in their own respective kingdoms; the PictsScots and Britons.
Archaeologists have not been able to identify anything that was unique to the kingdom of the Scots, noting similarities with the Picts in most forms of material culture.
This class system had a king and his ealdormen at the top, under whom were the thegnsor landholders, and then the various forms of agricultural workers below them.
Beneath all of these was a class of slaves, who may have made up as much as a quarter of the population. There was also a number of trading ports, such as Hamwic and Ipswichwhere foreign trade took place.
In Scandinavia, the 8th century proved to be "a period of rapid technological, economic and social development" which would lead the region out of the Iron Age and into what has come to be known as the Viking Age.
It would only be in the later centuries that the national identities would develop amongst the Scandinavians, dividing them into such national groups as the DanesSwedes and Norwegians.
In the British Isles, Christian monasteries had often been positioned on small islands and in other remote coastal areas so that the monks could dwell there in seclusion, devoting themselves to worship without the interference of other elements of society. At the same time, it made them isolated and unprotected targets for attack.
Behold the church of St Cuthbert spattered with the blood of the priests of God, despoiled of all its ornaments. Archbishop Alcuin of York on the sacking of Lindisfarne.
They were approached by the royal reeve from Dorchesterwhose job it was to identify all foreign merchants entering the kingdom, and they proceeded to kill him. Following such devastation, the monastic community at Iona abandoned the site and fled instead to Kells in Ireland.
Archaeologists interpret this as loot collected by a member of the Viking army.From to , England was terrorised by Viking warriors. These were people from Scandinavia, especially Danmark and Norway. Scandinavia at the time had a growing population and with inland areas inhospitable, the vikngs looked overseas for new territories and wealth.
The Norse Viking Age - In most cases, the Norse Viking Age is recorded to have officially began in AD with the first recorded raid through to AD, ending with the Battle of Hastings. Our essay writing service always follows the customer satisfaction policy to ensure that you get the best possible grade.
If you order a long paper (like a dissertation or research proposal), you can account for drafts to be sent to you, which you can present to your professor. Silver coins from the caliphate and Anglo-Saxon coins from England flowed into the Viking lands and further stimulated economic growth ().
As stated before, York was one of the biggest trading areas for that Vikings. one firstly must look at the nature of society and settlement before the Scandinavian invasion. Essay 2 The Viking Age. Vikings in England to A.D. Clare Downham Vikings had a profound impact on the history of the English-speaking people.
The Vikings were the most vicious and feared of the attackers. Now, because of the invasions, the need for cavalries, protection, and military strength were apparent.