See the links at the end of this page for a nice collection of resources. What can be most interesting about the language is how it is one of the closest in the world to English, while also being in the same language family as German. So if you speak both you will clearly have a huge advantage. But the similarities certainly give you a huge advantage!
Mobile The English language Preamble: The pages on this subsite give an overview of the major differences between English and other world languages.
The comparisons can only be fully understood if the reader knows something about the nature of the English language. The information below provides the necessary background. It is important to state at the outset that there are several English dialects or varieties.
The grammar, vocabulary and pronunciation of American native speakers of English are not identical to the grammar, vocabulary and pronunciation of British speakers of English. Indeed, within Britain itself there are varieties of spoken English that are to a large extent mutually unintelligible.
The variety of English that is the basis of comparison in these web pages is that used by educated, middle-class people from the south of England. The phonology of this variety is called Received Pronunciation RP. English is a member of the Germanic language family, which in turn belongs to the Indo-European language family.
There are over million native speakers in several countries across the globe, from Canada to New Zealand.
It is the joint or second official language in many more. English is the language of international business and politics, and by far the most commonly-learned second language.
The English alphabet consists of 26 Roman letters. There are no diacritics such as the umlaut in German or the circumflex in French. The exception is words imported from other languages, e.
However, these words are increasingly written without the diacritic, even in formal English. Although the varieties of spoken English sound very different, all native-speakers use the same writing conventions.
The same applies to the consonants clusters in many English words: Non-native speakers may say such words with an extra vowel sound or leave out the syllable altogther. The pronunciation of English words such as this, thin, clothes, thirteenth, months inevitably causes problems for learners who do not need to use the tip of the tongue to produce words in their own language.
Further difficulties for learners attempting to produce spoken English that sounds natural are the unpredictability of English word stress, the elision of weak syllables and the insertion of consonants liaison.
This accounts for the heavy English accents that many native speakers of those languages retain even after years of speaking English and the acquisition of flawless grammar. In one respect English verb grammar is easy.
It does not have a large number of inflections such as exist in French or Russian. For example, there are only 4 forms of the regular verb to ask: On the other hand, English does have a large number of possible tenses verb forms ; and their designations are not always helpful to the learner.
The past simple tense, for example, can be used to talk about the future: If I won a lot of money, I would buy a new house. Many languages do not have a continuous tense form, so English learners may make mistakes such as: I had a bath when the phone rang.
Indeed, the most significant problem for learners is to decide which tense verb form is required in English to correctly express the meaning that they wish to convey.
A further feature of verb grammar that causes difficulties is the correct choice of modal. Modal verbs are heavily used in English to convey shades of meaning in the areas of compulsion, ability, permission, possibility, hypothesis, etc. For example, learners have problems understanding the difference between: He must have done it and He has had to do it.
Not only are verbs largely uninflected in English, but also nouns, pronouns and adjectives. This makes it much easier to avoid mistakes in English than in, say, German which has large numbers of inflections in the various parts of speech.
Meaning in English is conveyed largely by word order. In the following sentences we know who is biting whom by the order of the words: The dog bit the man.While Spanish is a Romance language and English is Germanic, a portion of the English language was influenced by Romance sources and vice-versa.
Many centuries ago, as these languages were still fairly new, they began to merge as the Germanic and Roman people increased communication.
The relationship between English and German is all but ancient history—the two languages are long-lost linguistic siblings.
But when English speakers are learning German, it seems like we’re all too quick to focus on the elements of our new language that seem foreign, obtuse, archaic and.
Indispensable for English speaking first year German students. It provides all the essential links between English and German grammar, while also providing a refresher on English grammar.
Aug 30, · There are some similarities between the two languages. However, one must first note that the two languages belong to different sub-groups of Indo-European languages, that is Lower Germanic (English) and Romance (French). ARTE (Association relative à la télévision européenne) is a Franco-German free-to-air television network that promotes cultural programming.
It is made up of three separate companies: the Strasbourg-based European Economic Interest Grouping ARTE GEIE, plus two member companies acting as editorial and programme production centres, ARTE France in Paris (France) and ARTE Deutschland in Baden.
English And Russian: Similarities And Differences. while English is a Romanic language. While English share a lot in common with languages like Spanish and Italian, Russian is a lot closer to other Slav languages like Polish and Czech. Russian uses the Cyrillic alphabet, some letters from which share similarities with the Latin alphabet.