Neuropsychologist essay

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Neuropsychologist essay

Neuropsychologists have extensive training in the anatomy, physiology, and pathology of the nervous system. Some neuropsychologists specialize in research while other neuropsychologists specialize in evaluating and treating people who are thought to have something wrong with the way in which their nervous system is functioning.

Neuropsychologists study brain behavior relationships under very specific circumstances which are Neuropsychologist essay controlled and standardized.

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As a general rule, this means using tests which have been validated and which have been shown to have acceptable levels of sensitivity and specificity. This means the test can measure the thing it is trying to measure even when the thing it is trying to measure is only present in small amounts and it also means the test can distinguish the thing it is trying to measure from other things.

If we wish to measure a thing "A" then the test has to be able to measure "A" even when very little of "A" is present; this is sensitivity. Specificity means when we measure "A" with our test, we know that the test does not measure "B", "C," or "D.

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The first method is to use an assessment technique in which a fixed battery of tests is given and in which we only want to know what functions are impaired and what functions are not impaired.

The most commonly used representative of this type of test is the Halstead - Reitan Neuropsychological Battery. The second method is to use an assessment technique in which a fixed battery of tests is given but in this method there is a hierarchical each subtest so that if a function is impaired, the level at which it is impaired can be determined.

The most common representative of this type of test is the Luria - Nebraska. Common to both of these tests is a long history of research studies examining the ability of the two batteries to measure dysfunction of the brain and to accurately identify why that dysfunction is occurring.

The third method used by neuropsychologists is the flexible battery approach. By definition, the flexible approach is not a battery because when one uses this approach one gives a group of tests allegedly picked for just the particular patient. This means that the particular group of tests is not given to other patients and it is not Neuropsychology involves the study, evaluation, and treatment of known and suspected brain disorders using the methods of psychology.

Behavioral changes are assumed to be due to this brain tissue damage. For instance, if a stroke caused damage to the very back of your brain, it is known that you will more than likely experience visual difficulties eventhough your eyes are perfectly intact.

On the other hand, if the stroke caused damage to the very front of your brain, attention, lack of social insight, and sequencing difficulties would be expected. The last 5 to 10 years in behavioral neurology and neuropsychology have seen tremendous advances in the understanding of the brain bases of cognition, perception, and affect.

This, in part is due to the development and growing availability of brain imaging techniques, as well as theoretical and methodological progress in cognitive psychology. Behavioral Neurology and Neuropsychology, Martha J. January Traditionally defined, neuropsychology is the study of and, the assessment, understanding, integration, and modification of brain-behavior relationships.

It is also concerned with how behavior may influence the brain and related physiological processes, as in the emerging field of psychoneuroimmunology the study that seeks to understand the complex interactions among brain and immune systems, and their implications for health.

Neuropsychology seeks knowledge about brain and behavior relationships through the study of both normal and damaged brain systems. It seeks to identify the underlying biological causes of behaviors, from creative genius to mental illness, that account for intellectual processes and personality.

Clinical neuropsychology seeks such understanding, particularly, in the case of how damaged biological structures alter behaviors and interfere with their normal expressions. If we presume that the brain is the starting point for why and how we process all mental information not just cognitive, but interpersonal communications, self-concept, emotional reactivity, personality, learned responses, etc.

Neurolinguistics, for example, is the study of how language shapes our self-concepts and our interpersonal communications. Neurodevelopmental psychology is the study of how behavioral and mental characteristics change with nervous system growth.

Even psychological concepts of dreaming and experience as a whole are subserved by brain i.Psychology is defined as: A) the study of behavior and mental processes.

Neuropsychologist essay

B) the study of behavior. C) the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. Neuropsychologists specialize in the understanding between physical brain behavior and disorders.

They often work in research and clinical settings to relate the behavior of thinking and helping patients who have brain injuries and neurological disorders.

They also study how the brain functions and /5(2). Behavioral Neurology and Neuropsychology, Martha J. Farah, Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies, The Pub. Date: January Traditionally defined, neuropsychology is the study of (and, the assessment, understanding, integration, and modification of) brain-behavior relationships.

Pediatric Neuropsychology: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions What is Clinical Neuropsychology? Clinical neuropsychology is focused on understanding the link between the brain and behavior.

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