The district must provide students the opportunity each year to select courses in which they intend to participate from a list that includes all courses required to be offered in subsection b 2 of this section. If the school district will not offer the required courses every year, but intends to offer particular courses only every other year, it must notify all enrolled students of that fact. A school district must teach a course that is specifically required for high school graduation at least once in any two consecutive school years.
How many hours are needed for Chinese Mandarin or Cantonese speakers to learn English? Does prior teaching in an ineffective method rote learning and such matter?
Irene Thompson May 28, Ineffective teaching methods can certainly impede the learning process.
Great strides in teaching approaches have been made since rote was the primary method of L2 learning. Students are free, however, to break free from the shackles of prior unfortunate experiences and become independent learners and intelligent consumers of teaching methodologies.
Matthew May 23, I am currently learning Japanese but took a look at Chinese as well and I honestly think there should be a Level V for Chinese as it is far more difficult in my view than Japanese.
Irene Thompson May 28, Experience shows that both of these languages take a very long time to master. It is a very rare L2 learner who can achieve native-like proficiency in either one of them without long-term study and immersion in the language and culture of the respective countries.
Irene Thompson June 6, Memorizing words is not the same as being able to function in the language which is a what proficiency is all about. While it is true that the grammar of Chinese is not particularly complex, there are other factors that make it a difficult language such as tones, lack of cognates, and the writing system.
Stephen September 24, To say nothing of those tones! I found when trying to learn Chinese that he monosyllabic nature of most words was oddly difficult, since to my ears individual words often have little in the way of memorable, distinguishing features, if that makes any sense.
Recently, when visiting Tokyo I met three young people from Western Europe who spoke with great proficiency, if not fluency, all of them using Japanese professionally. Each learned Japanese as a conscious act of will, without, say, having spent time in Japanese as a kid.
I was in awe. Thank you for all the information on this page: Aaron November 14, I disagree with the common assertion that Chinese has no grammar or verb tenses. Try speaking to folks exclusively in the present tense in any language and see how far that gets you. There is an appropriate sentence structure, which when violated is unintelligible.
The same sort of subject verb object sentence structure common to other languages. There are ways to demarcate the future, past, on-going, happening-as-we-speak, etc. In short, Chinese is no different from other languages in this regard.
Also, Modern Chinese has a significant amount of loan words from western languages—though one must first know the pronunciation of common Chinese characters used for this purpose. They are most commonly used for proper nouns. Reading a newspaper without these would be impossible. There are also loan words from non-western languages.
It is also worth noting that modern written Chinese itself is largely constructed of characters borrowed from other perhaps now extinct regional languages some years ago.
The commonly propagandized story says the 1st emperor, Qin ShiHuang, collected characters from across his land China and combined them so that everyone could communicate. By the way, thank you for this fascinating article! My criticisms are for the comments as noted.
Irene Thompson December 8, Of course Chinese has grammar. By definition, all languages are structured. It is just that Chinese marks grammatical categories in ways that differ from those used in languages that belong to other families, such as Indo-European.
And, of course, Chinese has loan words in addition to loan translations calques. K June 13, I would love to hear how you can learn chinese words per day. Learning 50 a day would be extremely impressive.This is a list of lingua francas.A lingua franca (English plural "lingua francas", although the pseudo-Latin form "linguae francae" is also seen) is a language systematically used to make communication possible between people not sharing a first language, in particular when it is a third language, distinct from both speakers' first languages.
English Controlled Assessment The English language, although used by almost all across the United Kingdom, has been mutated and altered in so many ways that sometimes we cannot even understand it . Spoken language study The Spoken language study is all about understanding how we speak.
It looks at the way culture and identity is reflected in the way we use language. Language learning correlates with higher academic achievement on standardized test measures. Armstrong, P. W., & Rogers, J.
D. (). Basic skills revisited: The effects of foreign language instruction on reading, math, and language arts.
Reading Assessment Database - List of All Assessments from the Database. The essential cognitive elements of the reading process have been outlined in the Cognitive Framework of benjaminpohle.com assist educators in organizing their assessment practices around the cognitive framework, we've created a way to easily search for published early reading assessments that specifically test skills and.
University of Alberta. APPEMI for Professors. Customized program for visiting groups. Improve and maintain your competence in spoken and written English as you're developing teaching models and techniques that will meet the expectations of international and domestic students.