Table of Contents Brief Overview At the Congress of Vienna inin the aftermath of the Napoleonic EraEurope's leaders worked to reorganize Europe and create a stable balance of power. After that Congress, The Austrian diplomat Metternich would call several more congresses to try and preserve European stability:
Meaning, Nature, Methods and Relevance Article shared by: One such device has been Balance of Power. In fact, Balance of Power has been traditionally an important fact of international relations.
It has been guiding the decisions and policies of nations. Since the 17th century Several scholars regard it as the best guide for securing the goals of national interest without getting involved in war. Upto the first half of twentieth century, Balance of Power was regarded as being the only known modern device of international management of power.
What is Balance of Power? It is indeed very difficult to define Balance of Power. It has been defined it differently by different scholars. Some define it as a principle of action while others define it as a policy or system. Some Popular Definitions of Balance of Power: As such it is a decentralized system in which power and policies remain in the hands of constituting units.
Morgenthau All these definitions clearly reflect that Balance of Power is defined differently by different scholars. It is very difficult to give or select a uniformly acceptable definition. This difficultly makes it essential for us to study the features of Balance of Power. Some Sort of Equilibrium in Power Relations: In short, though it stands for equilibrium, it also involves some disequilibrium.
That is why scholars define it as a just equilibriums or some sort of equilibrium in power relations.
In practice a balance of power always proves to be temporary and unstable. A particular balance of power survives only for a short time. To be Actively Achieved: The balance of power has to be achieved by the active intervention of men. It is not a gift of God.
They have to secure it through their efforts. Balance of power favours status quo in power positions of major powers. It seeks to maintain a balance in their power relations. However, in order to be effective, a foreign policy of balance of power must be changing and dynamic. A real balance of power seldom exists.
The only test of a balance is war and when war breaks out the balance comes to an end. War is a situation which balance of power seeks to prevent and when it breaks out, balance power comes to an end.
Not a Device of Peace: Balance of Power is not a primary device of peace because it admits war as a means for maintaining balance. In a balance of power system, the big states or powerful states are the players.
The small states or less powerful states are either spectators or the victims of the game. Multiplicity of States as an Essential Condition: Balance of Power system operates when there are present a number of major powers, each of which is determined to maintain a particular balance or equilibrium in their power relations.
National Interest is its Basis:Balance of Power in International Relations: In International Relations an equilibrium of power sufficient to discourage or present one nation or prevent one nation from imposing its will on or interfering with the interests of another. Former German Foreign Minister Joschka Fischer interpreted the core of the concept of Europe after as the rejection of the European balance-of-power principle and the hegemonic ambitions of individual states that had emerged following the Peace of Westphalia in "European integration was the response to centuries of a precarious.
Brief Overview. At the Congress of Vienna in , in the aftermath of the Napoleonic Era, Europe's leaders worked to reorganize Europe and create a stable balance of benjaminpohle.com that Congress, The Austrian diplomat Metternich would call several more congresses to try and preserve European stability: the Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle (), the Congress of Troppau (), and the Congress of.
The European balance of power referred to European international relations before the First World War, which evolved into the present states of Europe. The Nineteenth Century political concept emerged at the Peace of Paris in It is often known by the term European State System.
From , in the aftermath of Napoleon's near domination of Europe, the European power developed a system of military and political balance. The aptly-named balance of power in Europe was a system that aimed to maintain international order and peace by following any increase in strength of one nation-state with an increase in strength of his geographic or political enemy.
first emerged in Western Europe. nterpretations are traced through the lgs and long history, itis easy to lose balance Of power idea and become estations. The focus in this book concept and the varying ways in historically it had been as an extremely useful principle .