Irish Genocide Death Toll:
InWinston Churchillwhen describing the German invasion of the Soviet Unionspoke of "a crime without a name". The book describes the implementation of Nazi policies in occupied Europeand cites earlier mass killings.
Lemkin defined genocide as follows: Generally speaking, genocide does not necessarily mean the immediate destruction of a nation, except when accomplished by mass killings of all members of a nation.
It is intended rather to signify a coordinated plan of different actions aiming at the destruction of essential foundations of the life of national groups, with the aim of annihilating the groups themselves. The objectives of such a plan would be the disintegration of the political and social institutions, of culture, language, national feelings, religion, and the economic existence of national groups, and the destruction of the personal security, liberty, health, dignity, and even the lives of the individuals belonging to such groups.
It happened to the Armenians, then after the Armenians, Hitler took action. Inthe first session of the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution that "affirmed" that genocide was a crime under international law and enumerated examples of such events but did not provide a full legal definition of the crime.
Many instances of such crimes of genocide have occurred when racial, religious, political and other groups have been destroyed, entirely or in part.
It contains an internationally recognized definition of genocide which has been incorporated into the national criminal legislation of many countries, and was also adopted by the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Courtwhich established the International Criminal Court ICC.
Article II of the Convention defines genocide as: The first draft of the Convention included political killings, but these provisions were removed in a political and diplomatic compromise following objections from some countries, including the USSRa permanent security council member.
The Soviet views were also shared by a number of other States for whom it is difficult to establish any geographic or social common denominator: The Convention was manifestly adopted for humanitarian and civilizing purposes.
Its objectives are to safeguard the very existence of certain human groups and to affirm and emphasize the most elementary principles of humanity and morality. In view of the rights involved, the legal obligations to refrain from genocide are recognized as erga omnes.
When the Convention was drafted, it was already envisaged that it would apply not only to then existing forms of genocide, but also "to any method that might be evolved in the future with a view to destroying the physical existence of a group". The Convention must be interpreted in good faith, in accordance with the ordinary meaning of its terms, in their context, and in the light of its object and purpose.
Moreover, the text of the Convention should be interpreted in such a way that a reason and a meaning can be attributed to every word.
No word or provision may be disregarded or treated as superfluous, unless this is absolutely necessary to give effect to the terms read as a whole.
Thus, irrespective of the context in which it occurs for example, peace time, internal strife, international armed conflict or whatever the general overall situation genocide is a punishable international crime.
Germany case that, inthe majority of legal scholars took the narrow view that "intent to destroy" in the CPPCG meant the intended physical-biological destruction of the protected group, and that this was still the majority opinion. But the ECHR also noted that a minority took a broader view, and did not consider biological-physical destruction to be necessary, as the intent to destroy a national, racial, religious or ethnic group was enough to qualify as genocide.
It noted that the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and the International Court of Justice had agreed with the narrow interpretation that biological-physical destruction was necessary for an act to qualify as genocide.
Radislav Krstic — Appeals Chamber — Judgment — IT ICTY 7 19 April  paragraphs 8, 9, 10, and 11 addressed the issue of in part and found that "the part must be a substantial part of that group. The aim of the Genocide Convention is to prevent the intentional destruction of entire human groups, and the part targeted must be significant enough to have an impact on the group as a whole.
The judges continue in paragraph 12, "The determination of when the targeted part is substantial enough to meet this requirement may involve a number of considerations.
The numeric size of the targeted part of the group is the necessary and important starting point, though not in all cases the ending point of the inquiry.
The number of individuals targeted should be evaluated not only in absolute terms, but also in relation to the overall size of the entire group. In addition to the numeric size of the targeted portion, its prominence within the group can be a useful consideration. The intent to destroy formed by a perpetrator of genocide will always be limited by the opportunity presented to him.
While this factor alone will not indicate whether the targeted group is substantial, it can—in combination with other factors—inform the analysis. At that time however, only two of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council were parties to the treaty: France and the Republic of China.
Only in the s did the international law on the crime of genocide begin to be enforced.Ireland not recognising Armenian massacres as ‘genocide’ Government decides not to use disputed term to describe events of years ago.
- The Armenian Genocide, also known as the Armenian Holocaust, was the organized killing of Armenians. While there is no clear agreement on how many Armenians lost their lives, there is general agreement among Western scholars that over a million Armenians may have perished between and Death Toll: 1,, Known as the "Great Famine," the Irish Genocide ( - ) killed approximately million from hunger and disease and another million were displaced, or overall % of Ireland's population.
"Tell us not that it was beyond the power of the combinations, which the strength of the British empire could have. The 'Age of Totalitarianism' included nearly all of the infamous examples of genocide in modern history, headed by the Jewish Holocaust, but also comprising the mass murders and purges of the Communist world, other mass killings carried out by Nazi Germany and its allies, and also the Armenian genocide of The United Nations Genocide Convention defines genocide as "acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group".
Various other definitions can be found in scholarly literature and national law of different countries. The War of the Vendee ( to ) was an armed rebellion against the French Republican troops which resulted in a general massacre of over , Catholics – men, women and children – in the west of France.